Document Detail

Have purpose-built vaccine refrigerators reduced the cost of vaccine losses in South Australia?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23216500     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Objectives: There is limited epidemiological data on the performance of different refrigerator types for vaccine storage in the real world. This study aims to measure if the introduction of purpose-built vaccine refrigerators has reduced the cost of vaccine losses in South Australia. Methods: Data were taken from a register for all recorded vaccine storage cold chain events in South Australia from 2008 to 2009 and a survey of vaccine providers conducted in 2009. Results: There were 531 respondents to the survey (51% response rate). A greater proportion of cold chain breaches in purpose-built vaccine refrigerators did not lead to a loss of vaccine (10.3%) compared with the other refrigerator types. Purpose-built vaccine refrigerators had a relative risk of 3.31 (95% CI, 2.15-5.11) of a heat event (as opposed to cold event) and were more likely to have a cold chain breach from electrical failure (relative risk ratio 15.05, 95% CI 4.04-56.05) than bar refrigerators. The average cost of loss of vaccine for purpose-built vaccine refrigerators was $2,321.20, which was greater than the cost of vaccine loss from a bar refrigerator of $1,339.06 (95% CI $61.47-1,902.82). Conclusions: Although purpose-built vaccine refrigerators were less likely to lead to vaccine loss per cold chain breach, they had a greater average cost of vaccine loss per cold chain event because they held a greater volume of vaccine. There is a need for development of Standards to guide purpose-built vaccine refrigerators manufacturing and a review of the National Vaccine Storage Guidelines to place a greater emphasis on the need for back up plans in the event of electrical failure.
Katina D'Onise; Sara Almond; Breda Macdonald; Maureen Watson; Sophie Scrimgeour
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-11-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1753-6405     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  572-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. ANZJPH © 2012 Public Health Association of Australia.
Communicable Disease Control Branch, SA Health, South Australia School of Medical Sciences, Flinders University, South Australia.
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