Document Detail


Harmful and beneficial effects of inflammation after spinal cord injury: potential therapeutic implications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23098732     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in immediate damage followed by a secondary phase of tissue damage that occurs over a period of several weeks. The mechanisms underlying this secondary damage are multiple and not fully understood. A number of studies suggest that the local inflammatory response in the spinal cord that occurs after SCI contributes importantly to secondary damage. This response is mediated by cells normally found in the central nervous system (CNS) as well as infiltrating leukocytes. While the inflammatory response mediated by these cells is required for efficient clearance of tissue debris, and promotes wound healing and tissue repair, they also release various factors that can be detrimental to neurons, glia, axons, and myelin. In this chapter we provide an overview of the inflammatory response at the cell and molecular level after SCI, and review the current state of knowledge about its contribution to tissue damage and repair. Additionally, we discuss how some of this work is leading to the development and testing of drugs that modulate inflammation to treat acute SCI in humans.
Authors:
Samuel David; Rubèn López-Vales; V Wee Yong
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Handbook of clinical neurology / edited by P.J. Vinken and G.W. Bruyn     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0072-9752     ISO Abbreviation:  Handb Clin Neurol     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0166161     Medline TA:  Handb Clin Neurol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  485-502     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Centre for Research in Neuroscience, The Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address: sam.david@mcgill.ca.
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