Document Detail

Hand rhythmic tapping and timing in Parkinson's disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15036168     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Dysrhythmia is one of the features frequently associated with the motor disturbance in Parkinson's disease (PD). The mechanism responsible for this phenomenon is not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the rhythmic movements of the hand in PD patients in general and in parkinsonian subtypes. METHODS: Fifty-one PD patients (32 males) with mean age 66.3 +/- 9.1 years (6.6 years of symptoms) and 36 healthy controls (age 64.9 +/- 13.2, range 40-85) were studied. Subjects were asked to tap with their dominant or less affected arm on a digitized switch board at their most comfortable pace (16 s), fastest tapping speed (12 s), and at different frequencies provided by a metronome. The mean rhythm and the tap-to-tap variation were compared. Performance of the PD patients and control subjects were compared, as there were different subtypes of PD patients. Patients were subclassified into: tremor predominant (TP) (14 patients), freezing predominant (FP) (11 patients), akinetic-rigid (AR) (12 patients) and an unclassified group (UC) (14 patients). Results. There was no significance difference between patients and controls in the self-chosen, most comfortable tapping rate or in the tap-to-tap variation of the self-paced task. PD patients tapped at a significantly slower rate than controls when asked to tap at their fastest rate (4.39 +/- 1.32 vs. 5.14 +/- 1.31 Hz; p < 0.01). This difference was the result of an especially slow performance of the TP and AR subgroups (3.85+/-1.20 and 3.88+/-1.46, respectively; p < 0.01 compared to the control group). TP was the only subgroup to show an increased tap-to-tap variation at their fastest tapping rate compared to the control group (0.070 +/- 0.057 vs. 0.029 +/- 0.025 s, respectively, p < 0.05). The TP subgroup also showed hastening when they followed an externally given rhythm of 2.5 Hz and they tapped at 2.73 +/- 0.36 Hz p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Externally driven and self-paced tapping are preserved in patients with PD, when examined at their best 'on' state. The tremor predominant subgroup seems to have specific pacing disturbances.
G Yahalom; E S Simon; R Thorne; C Peretz; N Giladi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Parkinsonism & related disorders     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1353-8020     ISO Abbreviation:  Parkinsonism Relat. Disord.     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-23     Completed Date:  2004-04-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9513583     Medline TA:  Parkinsonism Relat Disord     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  143-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Movement Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, 6 Weizmann Street, Tel Aviv 64239, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Analysis of Variance
Hand / physiology*
Middle Aged
Movement / physiology*
Parkinson Disease / classification,  physiopathology*
Time Factors

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