Document Detail

Hand orientation in hand paddle swimming.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17879890     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this research was to study the effect of hand paddles on the pitch, the sweepback angles and other stroke kinematic characteristics of the hand during front crawl swimming. Ten female competitive swimmers swam without and with small (116 cm (2)) and large (268 cm (2)) paddles. Four cameras (60 Hz) were used to record the underwater strokes and the digitizing was undertaken using the Ariel Performance Analysis System. When the size of the paddles increased, the stroke length, the mean swimming velocity and the total duration of the stroke were significantly increased (p < 0.05), while the average velocity of the hand during the pull and the push phases were significantly decreased (p < 0.05). The stroke rate was decreased significantly (p < 0.05) only when using large paddles. The relative duration of the separate phases of the stroke, the magnitude of the medial-lateral displacements and the pitch and sweepback angles of the hand were not modified, indicating that the use of hand paddles did not caused significant alterations in the orientation and the movement of the hand during the underwater stroke in front crawl swimming.
V Gourgoulis; N Aggeloussis; N Vezos; P Antoniou; G Mavromatis
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2007-09-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-25     Completed Date:  2008-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  429-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Democritus University of Thrace, University Campus Komotini, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Hand / physiology*
Movement / physiology*
Swimming / physiology*

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