Document Detail

Haemoglobin E in pregnancy. A case report. Diagnosis, familiar study and counselling, follow up until delivery and new-born observation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15258545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Haemoglobin E is a beta chain variant quite common in Southeastern Asia. The case of a gravid Thai woman with a microcytic anaemia is reported. The diagnosis of homozygous haemoglobin E was suspected on the basis of ethnic considerations when analysis of her haemoglobin showed the absence of normal HbA1 and about 100% of a variant Hb with electrophoretic mobility with HbC and HbA2. Identification of the haemoglobin variant was performed by using an association of alkaline electrophoresis on agarose gel, acid electrophoresis on agarose gel, haemoglobin isoelectrofocusing, high performance liquid chromatography. A study of haemoglobin pattern in the partner, parents and siblings was also performed. Pregnancy continued without any problems until the 40th week when a caesarean section was performed due to a difficult labour with foetal distress. The haemoglobin pattern of the new-born was studied at birth and after 1 year; as expected, it was quite normal at birth and a heterozygous condition for HbE was observed after 1 year. HbE, in even heterozygous and homozygous states, gives a mild clinical picture but its association with other haemoglobinopathies, such as a double heterozygous state (i.e. HbE/beta Thalassaemia) gives rise to a severe transfusion dependent thalassaemia syndrome. It is the authors' opinion that only a strict interaction between obstetricians and pathologists is the possible correct answer to the new diagnostic question proposed by a rapidly evolving inter-ethnic society.
G Gessoni; L Bergamini; A Giacomini; S Valverde; M Armani; F Antico; S Trevisan; F Vettorato; R Sartori
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Minerva ginecologica     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0026-4784     ISO Abbreviation:  Minerva Ginecol     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-19     Completed Date:  2004-09-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400731     Medline TA:  Minerva Ginecol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  155-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Pathology, Regione Veneto, A-ULS 14, Chioggia (VE), Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Follow-Up Studies
Genetic Counseling
Hemoglobin E / genetics*
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic* / diagnosis
Reg. No./Substance:
9034-61-1/Hemoglobin E

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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