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Haemodynamic response during low-dose dobutamine infusion in patients with chronic systolic heart failure: comparison of echocardiographic and invasive measurements.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23136446     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: To investigate whether left ventricular (LV) systolic shortening velocity (s'), diastolic lengthening velocity (e'), and non-invasively estimated LV filling pressure (E/e') during low-dose dobutamine echocardiography (LDDE) reflect invasive measures of cardiac output and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) in stable patients with chronic systolic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen patients with heart failure (aged 65 ± 8 years, LVEF 36 ± 8%) underwent simultaneous tissue Doppler echocardiography and invasive measurements of cardiac output and PCWP by right heart catheterization at rest and during dobutamine infusion at rates of 10 and 20 µg/kg/min. Cardiac output increased from rest to peak dobutamine (4.9 ± 1.2 to 6.6 ± 2.0 L/min, P < 0.001) and correlated with the peak systolic tissue velocity (s') at rest (R = 0.61, P = 0.02) and during dobutamine stimulation (R = 0.79, P < 0.001). Increases in early diastolic mitral inflow (E, 74.9 ± 29.0-90.8 ± 29.5 cm/s) and LV lengthening (e', 6.5 ± 2.4-8.2 ± 2.8 cm/s) velocities were observed during LDDE leaving the E/e' ratio unchanged. Although a mean PCWP was also unchanged from rest to peak dobutamine (16.6 ± 8.3-14.2 ± 9.2, P = 0.25), E/e' and PCWP only correlated at rest (R = 0.64, P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: The LV systolic shortening velocity is closely associated with cardiac output during LDDE in CHF patients. Dobutamine stimulation increases early diastolic mitral inflow and lengthening velocities, but the E/e' ratio does not reflect the PCWP during LDDE, which warrants some caution in converting changes in E/e' into changes in LV filling pressure. The sample size is, however, small and the observation need to be confirmed in a larger population.
Authors:
Michael Egstrup; Ida Gustafsson; Mads Jønsson Andersen; Caroline Nervil Kistorp; Morten Schou; Christian Ditlev Tuxen; Jacob Eifer Møller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-2412     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573788     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology and Endocrinology, Frederiksberg University Hospital, Nordre Fasanvej 59, Frederiksberg 2000, Denmark.
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