Document Detail

Haemodynamic effects of glyceryl trinitrate during continuous 24 hour infusion in patients with heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7917687     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the susceptibility to tolerance to glyceryl trinitrate is similar in different vascular beds in patients with chronic heart failure. PATIENTS: Twenty patients with heart failure underwent a continuous infusion of glyceryl trinitrate over 24 hours followed by administration of N-acetylcysteine (5 g intravenously) in a bolus. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Haemodynamic measurements under control conditions, at peak titration of glyceryl trinitrate at 24 hours, and after N-acetylcysteine; plasma renin activity and packed cell volume. RESULTS: After 24 hours of infusion the acute reduction in right atrial pressure had largely waned, while pulmonary vascular resistance remained improved and systemic resistance, which was not reduced at peak titration, significantly decreased with respect to control conditions. The effects of N-acetylcysteine and hormonal responses were different in patients who did and did not develop tolerance to glyceryl trinitrate. CONCLUSIONS: The haemodynamic profile of glyceryl trinitrate changed substantially during the study from a predominantly venodilator action at peak titration to a predominantly arteriolar dilatation after 24 hours of infusion. The different effects of N-acetylcysteine and the different hormonal responses confirm the multifactorial pathogenesis of tolerance to glyceryl trinitrate.
S Ghio; A Poli; M Ferrario; C Campana; P Diotallevi; E Eleuteri; A Mussini; G Specchia; C Montemartini
Related Documents :
2996907 - Blood pressure response to enalaprilic acid in essential hypertension: dose-response an...
20625317 - A new-generation n/l-type calcium channel blocker leads to less activation of the renin...
1071717 - Role of the renal nerves in renin release during suprarenal aortic stenosis in cats.
7018237 - Low and high renin essential hypertension: a comparison of clinical and biochemical cha...
3654407 - Upstream pressure for systemic to pulmonary flow from bronchial circulation in dogs.
15082357 - An innovative, cost-effective, pressure-relieving device for burned ears.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British heart journal     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0007-0769     ISO Abbreviation:  Br Heart J     Publication Date:  1994 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-01     Completed Date:  1994-11-01     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370634     Medline TA:  Br Heart J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cardiology Division, IRCCS San Matteo Hospital, Pavia, Italy.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Acetylcysteine / pharmacology
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Drug Tolerance
Heart Failure / drug therapy*,  physiopathology
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Middle Aged
Nitroglycerin / administration & dosage*
Time Factors
Vascular Resistance / drug effects
Reg. No./Substance:
55-63-0/Nitroglycerin; 616-91-1/Acetylcysteine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Increased alveolar/capillary membrane resistance to gas transfer in patients with chronic heart fail...
Next Document:  Gas exchange responses to constant work rate exercise in chronic cardiac failure.