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Haemodynamic effects of different basic heart rates in ambulatory heart failure patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23277532     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: The impact of different basic paced heart rates (pHRs) in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) remains largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the haemodynamic effects of different pHRs (60 or 80 b.p.m.), using an implanted haemodynamic monitor (IHM), during a 2-week period in ambulatory CRT patients.METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten CRT patients received an IHM (Chronicle(®), Medtronic Inc.) to continuously record right ventricular systolic (RVSP) and diastolic (RVDP) pressure, as well as estimated pulmonary artery diastolic pressure (ePAD) during a 2-week period at two basic pHR programming (60 and 80 b.p.m.). Cardiac output (CO) was calculated using a validated IHM algorithm. At the end of each period, 6 min walk test (6MWT), quality of life (QoL), and plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were also assessed. Pacing at 80 b.p.m. significantly reduced the 2-week average of ePAD compared with 60 b.p.m. (23.4 ± 6.2 vs. 25.1 ± 6.5 mmHg, P = 0.03), whereas CO was increased (4.5 ± 1.3 vs. 4.2 ± 1.4 L/min; P = 0.01). Similarly ePAD, RVSP, and RVDP were significantly lower with a pHR of 80 b.p.m. (P < 0.05). The 6MWT, QoL score, and BNP were not affected by the pHR.CONCLUSION: In CRT patients, a basic pHR of 80 b.p.m. compared with 60 b.p.m. reduces filling pressures and increases CO during a 2-week period of ambulatory living. This suggests that increasing the basic pHR may be considered to achieve short-term haemodynamic improvement. The long-term effects of differential pHR programming remain to be established.
Authors:
Marcus Ståhlberg; Kathryn Hilpisch; Pascalle Reiters; Cecilia Linde; Frieder Braunschweig
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden.
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