Document Detail

Haemodynamic changes during positive-pressure ventilation in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15836678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Positive-pressure ventilation may alter cardiac function. Our objective was to determine with the use of impedance cardiography (ICG) whether altering airway pressure modifies the central haemodynamics in mechanically ventilated children with no pulmonary pathology. Central venous saturation (S(cv)O(2)) was measured as an indicator of tissue perfusion. METHODS: Twelve children between 7 and 65 months of age, requiring mechanical ventilation as a consequence of a non-pulmonary disease, were enrolled in the study. All patients had a central venous line as a part of their routine management. Using pressure controlled ventilation (PCV) the baseline PEEP value of 5 cmH(2)O (P(b5)) was increased to 10 cmH(2)O (P(i10)) and then to 15 cmH(2)O (P(i15)). After P(i15), PEEP was decreased to 10 (P(d10)) and then to 5 cmH(2)O (P(d5)). Each time period lasted 5 min heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MABP), central venous pressure (CVP), end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO(2)), mean airway pressure (P(aw)), stroke volume index (SVI), cardiac index (CI) and central venous oxygen saturation (S(cv)O(2)) were recorded at the end of the five periods. RESULTS: The values of CI did not change when 10 and 15 cmH(2)O of PEEP were applied. Elevation of PEEP and thus P(aw) caused slight but not significant reductions in SVI and S(cv)O(2) as compared to the baseline (T(b5)). After reducing PEEP in T(d5) we found statistically significant elevations of SVI and CI, as compared to T(i15) heart rate, ETCO(2) and MABP remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: We did not find significant haemodynamic changes following PEEP elevation in ventilated children, as measured using impedance cardiography. Reducing the value of PEEP to 5 cmH(2)O resulted in statistically significant SVI elevations. The values of S(cv)O(2) remained unaffected.
A Kardos; G Vereczkey; C Szentirmai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0001-5172     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-19     Completed Date:  2005-07-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  649-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Heim Pál Children's Hospital, Ullõi Str. 89, 1086 Budapest, Hungary.
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MeSH Terms
Air Pressure
Blood Pressure / physiology
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Cardiac Output / physiology
Cardiography, Impedance
Central Venous Pressure / physiology
Child, Preschool
Hemodynamics / physiology*
Oxygen / blood
Positive-Pressure Respiration*
Stroke Volume / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

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