Document Detail


Haemodynamic adaptation during sudden gravity transitions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21479958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Haemodynamic responses during parabolic flight were studied. The hypothesis that haemodynamic changes may be counteracted by a transient vagal reflex during acute gravity transitions was tested. ECG, arterial pressure and respiration were recorded continuously in seven male subjects during parabolic flight. Beat-to-beat haemodynamic parameters were estimated. In the supine position no significant differences were shown among the different gravity phases. In the upright position, significant within-group differences were observed across gravity phases for all parameters. Postural differences in haemodynamic data disappeared during the microgravity phase and were enlarged during hypergravity phases. Detailed temporal analysis of cardiac time series in standing subjects confirmed the hypothesized biphasic response of initial parasympathetic modulation: a sharp increase of RRI within 3-5 s followed by a 10% decrease in the remaining period of microgravity (p < 0.001); a sharp increase in SAP within 2-4 s followed by a slow decrease of 25%. Significant within-group differences were observed in the standing position for mean RRI (836 ± 170 ms, p = 0.003), DAP (66 ± 8 mmHg, p < 0.001), MAP (139 ± 12 mmHg, p = 0.001), RRI HF amplitude (17.6 ± 7.5 ms, p < 0.001), SV (146 ± 5%, p < 0.001) and SVR (73 ± 10%, p = 0.020). In standing subjects, the initial baroreflex-mediated vagal heart rate response is limited to a transition period at early microgravity lasting about 3-5 s, followed by a gradual heart rate recovery during the remaining 15-17 s due to a parasympathetic withdrawal. The resultant increase in cardiac output induces a baroreflex-mediated systemic vasodilatation, which may be the driving force for a decreased arterial pressure in weightlessness.
Authors:
Jiexin Liu; Bart Verheyden; Frank Beckers; Andre E Aubert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-6327     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954790     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, K.U. Leuven O/N1 bus 704 Herestraat 49, 3000, Leuven, Belgium, jiexinliu@hotmail.com.
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