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Haemodialysis access: a single centre UK Experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17639470     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether the US National Kidney Foundation Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines on haemodialysis access could be achieved and to examine its relevance to patients on dialysis in the UK.
METHOD: A cross sectional study of chronic haemodialysis patients at our institution which involved case note review and measurements of biochemical parameters and dynamic venous pressure (dVP) was performed. Patients with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts were followed prospectively for 18 months.
RESULTS: 262 patients were studied - 12%, 43%, 30% and 15% underwent dialysis through dialysis catheters, radial-cephalic fistulae (rAVF), brachial-cephalic fistulae (bAVF) and PTFE grafts respectively. RAVFs, bAVFs and PTFE grafts were the primary access (i.e. the first access created for the patient) in 58%, 35% and 7% respectively. Compared with patients of Caucasian origin, patients of Afro-Caribbean race were 3.80 times (95% confidence limit: 1.51 - 9.53) more likely to have a PTFE graft. Patients with higher 'dry weights' were more likely to have PTFE grafts (p<0.005 by ANOVA). Dialysis adequacy was similar irrespective of type and site of access. We found that 64% of PTFE grafts, 46% of bAVFs and 13% of rAVF had dVPs greater than 150 mmHg, (p<0.0001 by c2). This threshold recommended by DOQI predicted 12 of 13 dysfunctional grafts, but had a positive predictive value of only 50%.
CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated that the K/DOQI guidelines are not only achievable, but that they can be exceeded by a considerable margin. Our data also suggest that the demographic details of patients within a unit will influence the achievable proportion of AVF: PTFE grafts (the proportion of PTFE grafts in Afro-Caribbeans being 3 times higher than in whites). Although a dVP >150 mmHg proved sensitive in predicting future graft dysfunction, it had low specificity.
S L-S Fan; R Naqvi; R Ahmad; R Thuraisingham; M J Raftery; C J Rudge; M Sobeh; M M Yaqoob
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of vascular access     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1129-7298     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vasc Access     Publication Date:    2002 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-19     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2014-07-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100940729     Medline TA:  J Vasc Access     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  101-7     Citation Subset:  -    
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