Document Detail


Habitual sugar intake and cognitive function among middle-aged and older Puerto Ricans without diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21736803     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Intake of added sugars, mainly fructose and sucrose, has been associated with risk factors for cognitive impairment, such as obesity, the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The objective of this analysis was to examine whether habitual intakes of total sugars, added sugars, sugar-sweetened beverages or sweetened solid foods are associated with cognitive function. The present study included 737 participants without diabetes, aged 45-75 years, from the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study, 2004-9. Cognitive function was measured with a battery of seven tests: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), word list learning, digit span, clock drawing, figure copying, and Stroop and verbal fluency tests. Usual dietary intake was assessed with a validated FFQ. Greater intakes of total sugars, added sugars and sugar-sweetened beverages, but not of sugar-sweetened solid foods, were significantly associated with lower MMSE score, after adjusting for covariates. Adjusted OR for cognitive impairment (MMSE score < 24) were 2·23 (95 % CI 1·24, 3·99) for total sugars and 2·28 (95 % CI 1·26, 4·14) for added sugars, comparing the highest with lowest intake quintiles. Greater intake of total sugars was also significantly associated with lower word list learning score. In conclusion, higher sugar intake appears to be associated with lower cognitive function, but longitudinal studies are needed to clarify the direction of causality.
Authors:
Xingwang Ye; Xiang Gao; Tammy Scott; Katherine L Tucker
Related Documents :
23908933 - 'surprise': outbreak of campylobacter infection associated with chicken liver pâté at...
20487173 - Alexithymia and eating behaviour in severely obese patients.
22978473 - Effect of eczema on the association between season of birth and food allergy in japanes...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Jean Mayer US Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are associated with erythrocyte levels of n-3 PUFA but not ...
Next Document:  A high-amylopectin diet caused hepatic steatosis associated with more lipogenic enzymes and increase...