Document Detail

Habit Formation Among Regular Exercisers at Fitness Centers: An Exploratory Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22976286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND. Predictive modeling for physical activity behavior has included many different psychological components, including planning, motivation, personality, and self-efficacy. However, habit formation in exercise maintenance has not been well explored and lacks reliable measurement tools. The present study explores novel survey questions that examine behavioral components of exercise habit, including frequency, environmental cuing, and temporal constancy of behavior. We then relate these concepts to an established psychological measure of habit, the Self-Report Habit Inventory (SRHI). METHODS. 174 exercisers were surveyed at two private fitness clubs. A single questionnaire was administered that included the SRHI and the novel behavioral questions developed from habit formation concepts. RESULTS. Habit formation was reported by many of the exercisers. Participants scoring higher on the SRHI also reported higher frequency of physical activity and a higher probability of environmental cuing. Exercise frequency did not correlate well with environmental cuing. CONCLUSIONS. Habit formation appears relevant to the physical activity patterns of many regular exercisers. However, wide variation in response styles was evident suggesting further development and exploration of the novel questionnaire is warranted. The ultimate goals are to include habit in predictive models of physical activity, and then to inform interventions to increase exercise adherence.
Karyn Tappe; Ellen Tarves; Jayme Oltarzewski; Deirdra Frum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physical activity & health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1543-5474     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Act Health     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101189457     Medline TA:  J Phys Act Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Dept of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
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