Document Detail

HMG-Co A reductase inhibitors in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases: stabilization of coronary artery plaque.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12182229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) are greatly contributed to the treatment of hypercholesterolemia, and constitute an important part of comprehensive strategies for the treatment of cardiovascular disease in the 21st century. Particularly, a strategy for preventing acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the most important complication of hyperlipidemia, is urgently needed. Recent research has revealed a new mechanism of prevention of coronary heart disease by statins: they not only lowered cholesterol level as previously reported, but also contribute directly to plaque stabilization. Among many statins recently marketed, some act directly onto the blood vessel wall to stabilize plaques already formed (so-called vascular statins), while statins are originally classified as chemical or non-chemical. At the same time, reports on pleiotropic activities of statins, including improvement of osteoporosis, have accumulated to suggest an extended role of statins, not merely as a hypolipidemic agent but also possibly an anti-arteriosclerotic/anti-aging drug. This article reviews the direct action of statins on the blood vessel wall, with reference to classification of statins based on difference in action on the blood vessel wall (hepatic statins vs. vascular statins).
Ryuichi Morishita; Naruya Tomita; Toshio Ogihara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current drug targets     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1389-4501     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Drug Targets     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-16     Completed Date:  2003-02-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100960531     Medline TA:  Curr Drug Targets     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  379-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Geriatric Medicine, Osaka University, Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Anticholesteremic Agents / pharmacology,  therapeutic use*
Biological Availability
Cardiovascular Diseases / drug therapy*,  pathology
Coronary Artery Disease / drug therapy,  pathology
Coronary Vessels / drug effects,  pathology
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors / pharmacology,  therapeutic use*
Hypercholesterolemia / drug therapy,  pathology
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects,  pathology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anticholesteremic Agents; 0/Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors

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