Document Detail


HIV prevention among drug users: outcome of a network-oriented peer outreach intervention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12940388     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A network-oriented HIV prevention intervention based on social identity theory and peer outreach was implemented for HIV positive and negative drug users. A community sample of 250 were randomly assigned to an equal-attention control condition or a multisession, small-group experimental condition, which encouraged peer outreach; 94% of participants were African American, and 66% used cocaine or opiates. At follow-up, 92% of participants returned, and experimental compared with control group participants were 3 times more likely to report reduction of injection risk behaviors and 4 times more likely to report increased condom use with casual sex partners. Results suggest that psychosocial intervention emphasizing prosocial roles and social identity, and incorporating peer outreach strategies, can reduce HIV risk in low-income, drug-using communities.
Authors:
Carl A Latkin; Susan Sherman; Amy Knowlton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0278-6133     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2003 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-27     Completed Date:  2004-01-29     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  332-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Faculty of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. clatkin@jhsph.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control*
Adult
Cognitive Therapy / methods*
Community-Institutional Relations*
Condoms / utilization
Follow-Up Studies
HIV Seronegativity
HIV Seropositivity / epidemiology*
Humans
Male
Peer Group*
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Risk-Taking
Sexual Behavior
Social Identification
Socioeconomic Factors
Substance Abuse, Intravenous / epidemiology*,  rehabilitation*
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA09951/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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