Document Detail

HIV and co-infections.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23772618     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Despite significant reductions in morbidity and mortality secondary to availability of effective combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection still accounts for 1.5 million deaths annually. The majority of deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa where rates of opportunistic co-infections are disproportionately high. In this review, we discuss the immunopathogenesis of five common infections that cause significant morbidity in HIV-infected patients globally. These include co-infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Cryptococcus neoformans, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and Plasmodium falciparum. Specifically, we review the natural history of each co-infection in the setting of HIV, the specific immune defects induced by HIV, the effects of cART on the immune response to the co-infection, the pathogenesis of immune restoration disease (IRD) associated with each infection, and advances in the areas of prevention of each co-infection via vaccination. Finally, we discuss the opportunities and gaps in knowledge for future research.
Christina C Chang; Megan Crane; Jingling Zhou; Michael Mina; Jeffrey J Post; Barbara A Cameron; Andrew R Lloyd; Anthony Jaworowski; Martyn A French; Sharon R Lewin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Immunological reviews     Volume:  254     ISSN:  1600-065X     ISO Abbreviation:  Immunol. Rev.     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-18     Completed Date:  2014-01-24     Revised Date:  2014-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7702118     Medline TA:  Immunol Rev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  114-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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MeSH Terms
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / immunology*,  prevention & control
Africa South of the Sahara
Cryptococcosis / immunology,  prevention & control
HIV Infections / drug therapy,  immunology*
Hepatitis B / immunology,  prevention & control
Hepatitis C / immunology,  prevention & control
Malaria / immunology,  prevention & control
Tuberculosis / immunology,  prevention & control
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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