Document Detail

HIV-Tat promotes cellular proliferation and inhibits NGF-induced differentiation through mechanisms involving Id1 regulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15361847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Id1 is a helix-loop-helix transcriptional factor that controls growth and survival of neuronal cells. Downregulation of Id1 expression is required to initiate differentiation and cell-cycle withdrawal in primary neuronal culture as well as in PC12 cells. The HIV-1 transactivating factor, Tat, has been suspected of causing neuronal dysfunction that often leads to the development of HIV-associated dementia in AIDS patients. We found that the expression of Tat in PC12 cells promotes serum-independent growth, formation of large colonies in soft agar, and the acceleration of tumor growth in nude mice. In addition, Tat showed the ability to inhibit the nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. Our results show that the Tat-mediated signaling events, which lead to serum-independent growth and the inhibition of NGF-induced differentiation, have a common cellular target: the upregulation of Id1 expression. In the absence of NGF, expression of Id1 is required to promote serum-independent proliferation of PC12/Tat cells, as the inhibition of Id1 by antisense DNA restored the serum-dependent growth of PC12/Tat cells. In the presence of NGF, Tat utilizes an additional pathway that involves phosphorylation of Stat5a, to upregulate Id1 expression and block neuronal cell differentiation. Suppression of Stat5a by use of its dominant-negative mutant reversed the transient expression of Id1 and the blockage of NGF-mediated differentiation in PC12/Tat cells. Finally, the treatment of PC12 cells with recombinant Tat also enhanced the NGF-induced Id1 expression, further pointing to Id1 as a target for Tat. Taken together, these studies suggest additional targets for Tat action in neuronal cells and provide new insights into the mechanisms involved in the dysregulation of neuronal functions.
Valeria Bergonzini; Serena Delbue; Jin Ying Wang; Krzysztof Reiss; Marco Prisco; Shohreh Amini; Kamel Khalili; Francesca Peruzzi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncogene     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0950-9232     ISO Abbreviation:  Oncogene     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-07     Completed Date:  2004-11-16     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8711562     Medline TA:  Oncogene     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7701-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center for Neurovirology and Cancer Biology, Temple University, 1900 12th North Street, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Differentiation / drug effects
Cell Division / drug effects
Cell Survival
Gene Products, tat / pharmacology*
HIV-1 / physiology
Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 1
Nerve Growth Factor / pharmacology*
Neurons / cytology,  physiology
PC12 Cells
Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
Repressor Proteins / genetics,  physiology*
Transcription Factors / genetics,  physiology*
tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gene Products, tat; 0/ID1 protein, rat; 0/Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 1; 0/Recombinant Proteins; 0/Repressor Proteins; 0/Transcription Factors; 0/tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus; 9061-61-4/Nerve Growth Factor

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