Document Detail

HIV-1 viral protein R (Vpr) induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in multidrug-resistant colorectal cancer cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22552851     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Colorectal cancer is a significant health problem, and the advanced stages of the disease have a low response rate to chemotherapy and easily acquire chemoresistance. HIV-1 viral protein R (Vpr) has been shown to possess inhibitory effects on various malignant cells in vivo and in vitro. In this study, an Ad-Vpr construct was used to infect the multidrug-resistant human colorectal cancer HCT-8/5-FU(MDR) cell line in vitro for cell viability, apoptosis, gene expression and gene activity using the MTT, flow cytometry, immunoblotting and gel shift assays, respectively. The data showed that Ad-Vpr significantly reduced HCT-8/5-FU(MDR) cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Ad-Vpr infection promoted HCT-8/5-FU(MDR) cells to undergo apoptosis and to arrest at the G2 phase of the cell cycle. The G2 cell cycle protein Cyclin B1 accumulated in the cells after Ad-Vpr infection. Furthermore, Ad-Vpr induced activation of caspase-3 and -9, but not caspase-8, in HCT-8/5-FU(MDR) cells. Ad-Vpr suppressed expression of the Bcl-xl protein, but upregulated Bax expression and cytochrome c release from the mitochondria in HCT-8/5-FU(MDR) cells. Ad-Vpr infection also resulted in a time-dependent decrease in nuclear translocation of NF-κB/p65 protein and p65 DNA-binding activity in HCT-8/5-FU(MDR) cells. The data from the current study provide mechanistic insights into understanding the molecular basis and utility of Ad-Vpr as a novel anticancer agent for multidrug resistance in human colorectal cancer.
Bo Ma; Hanchao Zhang; Jinhuan Wang; Biao Zhang; Xinnv Xu; Binglu Cheng
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncology reports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1791-2431     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422756     Medline TA:  Oncol Rep     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Key Laboratory for Critical Care Medicine of the Ministry of Health, Affiliated Tianjin First Center Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300192, P.R. China.
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