Document Detail

HBO and gas embolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17439698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Gas embolism, which occurs with the entry of gas into the circulatory system from the vein, artery or both, is a potentially serious even fatal condition. The two main causes of gas embolism are iatrogenic and diving. The site of entry and the signs and symptoms distinguish between arterial and venous embolism. The entering gas may be air, but may also be CO(2) or other gases, especially in iatrogenic embolism. Supportive care is the primary therapy for venous gas embolism, while hyperbaric oxygen therapy in addition to supportive care is the first line of treatment for arterial gas embolism. In this article, we will review the pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of gas embolism.
Eri Fukaya; Harriet W Hopf
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurological research     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0161-6412     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurol. Res.     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-18     Completed Date:  2007-06-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905298     Medline TA:  Neurol Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  142-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Arterial Occlusive Diseases / etiology,  physiopathology,  therapy
Catheterization / adverse effects
Embolism, Air / diagnosis,  physiopathology*,  therapy*
Hyperbaric Oxygenation / standards*
Hyperemia / etiology,  physiopathology,  therapy
Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain / etiology,  physiopathology,  therapy
Iatrogenic Disease / prevention & control
Postoperative Complications / etiology,  physiopathology
Pulmonary Circulation / physiology

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