Document Detail

H. pylori acutely inhibits gastric secretion by activating CGRP sensory neurons coupled to stimulation of somatostatin and inhibition of histamine secretion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23392237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Acute H. pylori infection produces hypochlorhydria. The decrease in acid facilitates survival of the bacterium and its colonization of the stomach. The present study was designed to identify the pathways in oxyntic mucosa by which acute H. pylori infection inhibits acid secretion. In rat fundic sheets in Ussing chamber, perfusion of the luminal surface with H. pylori in spent broth (10(3)-10(8) cfu/ml) or spent broth alone (1:10(5) - 1:10(0) final dilution) caused a concentration-dependent increase in somatostatin (SST; maximal: 200±20% and 194±9% above basal; P<0.001) and decrease in histamine secretion (maximal: 45±5% and 48±2% below basal; P<0.001); the latter was abolished by SST antibody, implying that changes in histamine secretion reflected changes in SST secretion. Both responses were abolished by the axonal blocker tetrodotoxin (TTX), the sensory neurotoxin capsaicin, or the CGRP antagonist CGRP8-37, implying that the reciprocal changes in SST and histamine secretion were due to release of CGRP from sensory neurons. In isolated rabbit oxyntic glands, H. pylori inhibited basal and histamine-stimulated acid secretion in a concentration-dependent manner; the responses were not affected by TTX or SST antibody, implying that H. pylori can directly inhibit parietal cell function. In conclusion, acute administration of H. pylori is capable of inhibiting acid secretion directly as well as indirectly by activating intramural CGRP sensory neurons coupled to stimulation of SST and inhibition of histamine secretion. Activation of neural pathways provides one explanation as to how initial patchy colonization of the superficial gastric mucosa by H. pylori can acutely inhibit acid secretion.
Muhammad Zaki; Philip E Coudron; Robert W McCuen; Leslie Harrington; Shijian Chu; Mitchell L Schubert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1547     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901227     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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