Document Detail


Gum chewing during pre-anesthetic fasting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22171675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Many ad hoc fasting guidelines for pre-anesthetic patients prohibit gum chewing. We find no evidence that gum chewing during pre-anesthetic fasting increases the volume or acidity of gastric juice in a manner that increases risk, nor that the occasional associated unreported swallowing of gum risks subsequent aspiration. On the contrary, there is evidence that gum chewing promotes gastrointestinal motility and physiologic gastric emptying. Recommendations against pre-anesthetic gum chewing do not withstand scrutiny and miss an opportunity to enhance comfort and sense of wellbeing for patients awaiting anesthesia. Gum chewing during the pre-anesthetic nil per os (NPO) period would also permit the development of gum-delivered premedications and should be permitted in children old enough to chew gum safely. Gum chewing should cease when sedatives are given and all patients should be instructed to remove any chewing gum from the mouth immediately prior to anesthetic induction.
Authors:
Thomas J Poulton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatric anaesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-9592     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206575     Medline TA:  Paediatr Anaesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
 Department of Anesthesiology, El Paso Children's Hospital, El Paso, TX, USA  The Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University School of Medicine, El Paso, TX, USA.
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