Document Detail


Guidelines for research on drugged driving.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18855814     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: A major problem in assessing the true public health impact of drug-use on driving and overall traffic safety is that the variables being measured across studies vary significantly. In studies reported in a growing global literature, basic parameters assessed, analytical techniques and drugs tested are simply not comparable due to lack of standardization in the field. These shortcomings severely limit the value of this research to add knowledge to the field. A set of standards to harmonize research findings is sorely needed. This project was initiated by several international organizations to develop guidelines for research on drugged driving. METHODS: A September 2006 meeting of international experts discussed the harmonization of protocols for future research on drugged driving. The principal objective of the meeting was to develop a consensus report setting guidelines, standards, core data variables and other controls that would form the basis for future international research. A modified Delphi method was utilized to develop draft guidelines. Subsequently, these draft guidelines were posted on the internet for global review, and comments received were integrated into the final document. RESULTS: The Guidelines Document is divided into three major sections, each focusing upon different aspects of drugged driving research (e.g. roadside surveys, prevalence studies, hospital studies, fatality and crash investigations, etc.) within the critical issue areas of 'behavior', 'epidemiology' and 'toxicology'. The behavioral section contains 32 specific recommendations; (2) epidemiology 40 recommendations; and (3) toxicology 64 recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: It is anticipated that these guidelines will improve significantly the overall quality of drugged driving research and facilitate future cross-study comparisons nationally and globally.
Authors:
J Michael Walsh; Alain G Verstraete; Marilyn A Huestis; Jørg Mørland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Consensus Development Conference; Guideline; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addiction (Abingdon, England)     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0965-2140     ISO Abbreviation:  Addiction     Publication Date:  2008 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-15     Completed Date:  2009-06-12     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9304118     Medline TA:  Addiction     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1258-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Walsh Group, PA, Bethesda, MD, USA. jmwalsh@walshgroup.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*
Automobile Driving*
Delphi Technique
Humans
Prescription Drugs*
Questionnaires
Street Drugs*
Substance Abuse Detection / ethics,  methods*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
Z01 DA000414-10/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Prescription Drugs; 0/Street Drugs
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Addiction. 2008 Aug;103(8):1269-70   [PMID:  18855815 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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