Document Detail


Growth performance, carcass composition, and pigmentation of broilers fed supplemental nickel.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7644427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate effects of supplemental Ni on growth performance, carcass composition, and pigmentation of broilers. In Experiment 1, female broilers (n = 120) were housed in individual cages from 21 to 49 d of age and fed a commercial finisher diet that contained 2.4 +/- .1 ppm Ni. Supplementation of this diet with 6 or 12 ppm NiCl2 did not affect growth performance or carcass composition. In Experiment 2, female broilers (n = 60) housed in individual cages were fed finisher diets with 44 or 77 ppm xanthophyll and 0 or 12 ppm supplemental NiCl2. Growth performance from 21 to 49 d of age was not altered by diet. At 49 d of age, serum xanthophyll concentration as well as amount of lutein and total xanthophylls in skin were higher (P < or = .01) in broilers fed 77 ppm xanthophyll. Supplemental NiCl2 decreased (P < or = .1) yellow color of carcasses from broilers fed 44 ppm xanthophyll and increased yellow color of carcasses from broilers fed 77 ppm xanthophyll. Abdominal fat yields and concentration of total xanthophylls in skin followed a similar pattern, suggesting that supplemental NiCl2 may have indirectly influenced pigmentation by altering fat deposition. These data indicated that an adequate level of Ni was present in the basal diet to promote optimal growth performance and carcass quality.
Authors:
T P Oscar; D M Mitchell; H M Engster; B R Malone; W M Watson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1995 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-09-21     Completed Date:  1995-09-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  976-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA, Agriculture Research Service, Georgetown, Delaware 19947, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed*
Animals
Body Composition / drug effects
Body Weight / drug effects
Chickens / physiology*
Female
Food, Fortified*
Growth / drug effects
Nickel*
Pigmentation / drug effects*
Skin Pigmentation / drug effects
Weight Gain / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7440-02-0/Nickel

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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