Document Detail


Growth and metabolic responses in low-birth-weight infants fed human milk fortified with human milk protein or with a bovine milk protein preparation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1941407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Unfortified human milk does not normally provide enough protein to secure maximal growth in low-body-weight (LBW) infants. Due to the practical difficulties in obtaining human milk protein (HMP), a bovine milk protein preparation (BMP) was designed by computer calculation to contain as close as possible the amino acid composition of the nutritionally available human milk proteins. Twenty-one AGA, LBW infants (BW of 1,180 to 1,600 g, GA of 27 to 33 weeks) were randomly assigned to be fed HM enriched either with HMP (9 infants) or BMP (12 infants). When full volume intake (170 ml/kg/day) was reached, the protein intakes were 3.6 +/- 0.5 and 3.3 +/- 0.3 g/kg/day, respectively, in the two diet groups. During the study period of 24 days, the infants achieved intrauterine or better weight gains: 32.9 +/- 3.3 g/day (17.7 +/- 1.9 g/kg/day) in the HMP group and 34.7 +/- 7.3 g/day (18.3 +/- 3.5 g/kg/day) in the BMP group. Serum urea nitrogen, acid-base status, and albumin values were normal and similar in both groups of infants. Plasma concentrations of total essential and total amino acids at the end of the study were 3,999 and 1,539 mumol/L and 3,899 and 1,422 mumol/L in the HMP and the BMP groups, respectively. The concentrations of all individual plasma amino acids were similar in both feeding groups. These results show that feeding human milk fortified with a modified bovine milk protein preparation produces satisfactory growth and a plasma amino acid profile similar to that found in LBW infants fed exclusively human milk protein at similar intakes.
Authors:
G E Moro; I Minoli; F Fulconis; M Clementi; N C Räihä
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0277-2116     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1991 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-12-17     Completed Date:  1991-12-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211545     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  150-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Perinatal Pathology, Provincial Maternity Hospital, Milan, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acid-Base Equilibrium
Amino Acids / blood
Animals
Blood Proteins / analysis
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Cattle
Eating
Energy Intake
Food, Fortified*
Humans
Infant Food*
Infant, Low Birth Weight / growth & development*,  metabolism
Infant, Newborn
Milk Proteins / administration & dosage*
Milk, Human*
Serum Albumin / analysis
Weight Gain
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Blood Proteins; 0/Milk Proteins; 0/Serum Albumin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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