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Growth inhibitory effects of anthranilic acid and its derivatives against Legionella pneumophila.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22341575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Legionella pneumophila is the principal etiologic agent of Legionnaires' disease. We found that the growth of L. pneumophila was markedly inhibited by its own cell lysate and the inhibitory effect was abolished by heat-treatment of the lysate. The genomic library of L. pneumophila was constructed in Escherichia coli and screened to determine the gene involved in the growth inhibition. A clone harboring the gene encoding anthranilate synthase (TrpE), which is involved in tryptophan biosynthesis, exhibited an inhibitory effect on the growth of L. pneumophila. Anthranilic acid exogenously added also exhibited antibacterial activity against L. pneumophila. A series of single-gene-knockout mutants of L. pneumophila lacking tryptophan synthesis genes were constructed and assessed for their susceptibility to anthranilic acid. Although the growth of mutants deficient in anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferase (TrpD) and N-(5'-phosphoribosyl)anthranilate isomerase (TrpF) was not affected by exogenous anthranilic acid, the indole-3-glycerophosphate synthase (TrpC) deficient mutant exhibited an increased susceptibility compared with the parent strain. These observations strongly indicate that 1-(2-carboxyphenylamino)-1'-deoxyribulose-5'-phosphate (CPADR-5'-P), which is an intermediate of tryptophan synthesis from anthranilic acid, is responsible for the growth inhibition of L. pneumophila.
Authors:
Takahide Sasaki; Satoru Mizuguchi; Kohsuke Honda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of bioscience and bioengineering     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-4421     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888800     Medline TA:  J Biosci Bioeng     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Bioscience Team, R&D Division, Atect Corporation, 2-1-36 Sumida, Higashi-osaka, Osaka 578-0912, Japan.
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