Document Detail


Growth in children from the Wosera subdistrict, Papua New Guinea, in relation to energy and protein intakes and zinc status.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1848037     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a cross-sectional study of 123 children aged 24-120 mo from the Wosera subdistrict of Papua New Guinea, height, weight, hematocrit, hemoglobin, hair zinc, and presence of malaria were measured. Two 24-h recalls were undertaken in 67 of the children aged 72-120 mo; 52%, 73%, and 76% had energy, protein, and zinc intakes, respectively, less than two-thirds of the FAO/WHO/UNU recommendations. Stunting was prevalent (29%); 16% were moderately wasted. The prevalence of stunting and hair zinc concentrations less than 1.68 mumol/g was gender related; 38% of males vs 20% of females had Z scores for height-for-age (HAZ scores) less than -2 (P = 0.04); 26% of males vs 11% of females had hair zinc less than 1.68 mumol/g (P less than 0.05). Analysis of variance showed that age, sex, hemoglobin, and log hair zinc influenced HAZ scores, depending on the age group; both sex and the log of the hair zinc values were significant factors in the older children. Stunting in Worsera children was related to chronic deficits in energy and protein and was excerbated in the older male children by suboptimal zinc status.
Authors:
R S Gibson; A Heywood; C Yaman; A Sohlström; L U Thompson; P Heywood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1991 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-04-10     Completed Date:  1991-04-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  782-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Applied Human Nutrition, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Anthropometry
Child
Child Development*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage*
Energy Intake*
Female
Growth Disorders / epidemiology,  etiology*
Hair / chemistry
Hematocrit
Hemoglobins / analysis
Humans
Malaria / epidemiology,  metabolism
Male
Papua New Guinea / epidemiology
Prevalence
Regression Analysis
Sex Factors
Zinc / administration & dosage,  analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Hemoglobins; 7440-66-6/Zinc

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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