Document Detail


Growth hormone reverses impaired wound healing in protein-malnourished rats treated with corticosteroids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1403528     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Corticosteroid (CS) administration amplifies the inhibitory effect of protein malnutrition (PM) on wound healing. Abdominal surgery in protein malnourished patients receiving corticosteroids (eg, advanced malignancy, transplant recipients) may be complicated by wound dehiscence or anastomotic breakdown. Although preoperative parenteral nutrition can reduce the incidence of these complications, this is not possible in patients requiring urgent surgical intervention. In a previous report we demonstrated that postoperative growth hormone (GH) administration could restore normal wound healing in PM rats. This study evaluates the effect of GH on wound healing in PM rats treated with CS. Forty-eight female Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 180 to 210 g were divided into four groups: (1) normally nourished; (2) PM only; (3) PM + CS; and (4) PM + CS + GH. PM rats (groups 2 to 4) received 5.5% protein chow every other day for 8 weeks. Control rats (group 1) received 23.4% protein chow for the same duration. Group 3 and 4 rats received prednisolone (2 mg/kg, intramuscularly) during the last 3 weeks of PM. All animals underwent precise 5-cm midline celiotomies. Postoperatively, rats in all groups were given 23.4% protein chow. Group 3 and 4 rats continued to receive CS postoperatively. Group 4 rats were given GH (0.5 mg/d, intraperitoneally) postoperatively for 5 days. Wound testing was performed on the 6th postoperative day after removal of the sutures. A balloon inserted into the peritoneal cavity through the vagina was gradually inflated. The pressure at which the wound disrupted was recorded as the wound bursting strength.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
J B Atkinson; M Kosi; M S Srikanth; K Takano; G Costin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0022-3468     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  1992 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-18     Completed Date:  1992-11-18     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1026-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, CA 90027.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenal Cortex Hormones / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Animals
Female
Growth Hormone / pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Postoperative Period
Protein-Energy Malnutrition / physiopathology*
Rats
Rats, Wistar
Treatment Outcome
Wound Healing / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenal Cortex Hormones; 9002-72-6/Growth Hormone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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