Document Detail

Growth depression and recovery: the remarkable case of American slaves.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3300517     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Legislation designed to prevent slave smuggling after 1807 created an extra-ordinary set of documents identifying slaves transported in the coastwise trade by name, age, sex height and colour. Slaves fell below the first or second centile of modern height standards as children but recovered during and after adolescence to exceed the 25th centile as adults. This profile differs remarkably from other populations. Poor pre-natal care, early weaning, food supplements that were nutritionally poor and often contaminated, and a heavy disease load thwarted growth during childhood, but the diet improved substantially when young adolescents entered the labour force. The results show that humans have remarkable capacity for catch-up growth.
R H Steckel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of human biology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0301-4460     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Hum. Biol.     Publication Date:    1987 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-07-27     Completed Date:  1987-07-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404024     Medline TA:  Ann Hum Biol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-32     Citation Subset:  IM; Q    
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / history*
Body Height*
Growth Disorders / etiology
History, 19th Century
Social Conditions / history*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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