Document Detail


Growth of Jersey schoolchildren during the 1940-1945 German occupation: comparison with schoolchildren on mainland Britain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16715836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The 1940-45 German occupation of the Channel Islands was accompanied by a gradual deterioration in food availability and culminated in a nine-month siege with severe food shortages after supplies from France were cut off following the liberation of Normandy in 1944. The aim of this study was to compare the growth rates of schoolchildren resident on one of the Channel Islands (Jersey) with children growing up on mainland Britain. Secondary analyses were conducted on published data describing the growth of approximately 3500 schoolchildren resident on Jersey throughout the occupation, 10,000-15,000 London schoolchildren, and about 5000 children evacuated from mainland cities to "residential camp schools" in rural areas. A comparison of age- and sex-adjusted average annual growth rates between 1940 and 1943 confirmed that 8 1/2 - 12 1/2-year-old children on Jersey gained 28.2-33.1% less weight and 23.6-26.5% less height per year than children on the mainland. Because food shortages on Jersey intensified after 1943 (when the mid-occupation growth measurements had been recorded), growth rates toward the end of the occupation (in 1944 and early 1945) are likely to have been even worse than those observed between 1940 and 1943. As such, these analyses provide a somewhat conservative estimate of the decline in childhood growth rates that occurred on Jersey during the 1940-45 German occupation.
Authors:
George T H Ellison; Michelle Kelly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human biology     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0018-7143     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Biol.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-23     Completed Date:  2006-07-05     Revised Date:  2011-04-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0116717     Medline TA:  Hum Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  761-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Channel Islands Occupation Birth Cohort Study, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, 18 Woburn Square, London WICH 0NR, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adolescent Development / physiology*
Body Height / physiology
Channel Islands / epidemiology
Child
Child Development / physiology*
Child, Preschool
Female
Food Supply*
Germany
History, 20th Century
Humans
London / epidemiology
Male
Malnutrition / complications*
National Socialism / history*
Schools / history*
Students / history*
Weight Gain / physiology
World War II*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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