Document Detail

Greater elevation in risk for nicotine dependence per pack of cigarettes smoked among those with an anxiety disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23036209     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Recent work shows that the time from the initial use of nicotine, cannabis, and alcohol to the onset of dependence on these substances is shorter ("telescoped") in anxiety-disordered individuals. Previously, we hypothesized that telescoping may result from a shared neurobiology underlying both anxiety disorders and dependence. This hypothesis implies that telescoping occurs because individuals with an anxiety disorder transition to dependence with less overall drug exposure ("dependence susceptibility"). To investigate this further, we examined an estimate of the amount smoked (rather than the time transpired) from smoking initiation milestones to the onset of nicotine dependence in those with and without an anxiety disorder.
METHOD: We used the subset of respondents in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) Wave 1 who reported having smoked at least 100 cigarettes (N = 18,013). All data were based on face-to-face interviews.
RESULTS: Individuals with any anxiety disorder transitioned to nicotine dependence after smoking fewer total cigarettes than did individuals with no anxiety disorder. Furthermore, those with more than one anxiety disorder transitioned to nicotine dependence after smoking fewer cigarettes than did those with one anxiety disorder only. Several potentially confounding covariates were controlled for in these analyses.
CONCLUSIONS: Dependence susceptibility is a novel concept with the potential to inform theoretical accounts of and prevention strategies for substance dependence among those with an anxiety disorder. In addition to nicotine, our theory and past data suggest that dependence susceptibility for other addictive substances (e.g., alcohol) also would be found among those with an anxiety disorder.
Matt G Kushner; Kyle R Menary; Eric W Maurer; Paul Thuras
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-05     Completed Date:  2013-01-11     Revised Date:  2013-11-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  920-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Campus, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Anxiety Disorders / complications,  psychology*
Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry) / psychology
Disease Susceptibility / psychology*
Health Surveys / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / statistics & numerical data
Risk Factors
Smoking / psychology*
Tobacco Use Disorder / complications,  psychology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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