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Gray Matter Pathology in MS: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study in a Pediatric Population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22422186     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:GM pathology is considered a major determinant of disability in MS, but the comprehension of its origin and progression rate is limited by the uncertainty of dating the biologic disease onset. Thus, we planned a longitudinal study aimed at analyzing and comparing cortical pathology in pediatric and adult MS patients at clinical onset.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Within 12 months from clinical onset, 35 patients with cMS and 57 with aMS were included in a longitudinal study. At T0, GMf and CL number and volume were analyzed. Percentages of ΔGMf and number of new CLs were assessed every year for 3 years (T1-T3). Twenty-eight age- and sex-matched NCs constituted the reference population.RESULTS:At T0, GMf did not differ between cMS and NC (P = .18), while it was lower in patients with aMS compared with both NCs (P < .001) and patients with cMS (P < .001). The number of patients with CLs, as well as CL number and volume, were higher in patients with aMS than in those with cMS (P < .001). At T3, ΔGMf was higher in both patients with cMS (1.6% ± 0.5%; range 0.7%-3.4%; P < .001) and aMS (1.6% ± 0.6%; range 0.6%-3.4%; P < .001) compared with NCs (0.7% ± 0.2%; range 0.4%-1.1%), whereas no difference was observed between patients with cMS and aMS (P = .93). ΔGMf significantly correlated with increased CL volume (cMS: r = 0.46; aMS: r = 0.48) and with the appearance of new CLs (cMS: r = 0.51; aMS: r = 0.49).CONCLUSIONS:Our findings suggest that focal (CLs) and diffuse (atrophy) GM damage are strictly associated with the biologic onset of MS, and proceed linearly and partly independently of WM pathology.
Authors:
M Calabrese; D Seppi; C Romualdi; F Rinaldi; S Alessio; P Perini; P Gallo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From The Multiple Sclerosis Centre of Veneto Region-First Neurology Clinic, Department of Neurosciences, University Hospital of Padua, Italy; and Department of Biology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.
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