Document Detail


Graphene Nanoribbons as an Advanced Precusor for Making Carbon Fiber.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23339339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Graphene oxide nanoribbons (GONRs) and chemically reduced graphene nanoribbons (crGNRs) were dispersed at high concentrations in chlorosulfonic acid to form anisotropic liquid crystal phases. The liquid crystal solutions were spun directly into hundreds of meters of continuous macroscopic fibers. The relationship of fiber morphology to coagulation bath conditions was studied. The effects of colloid concentration, annealing temperature, spinning air gap and pretension during annealing on the fibers' performance were also investigated. Heat treatment of the as-spun GONR fibers at 1500 °C produced thermally reduced graphene nanoribbon (trGNR) fibers with a tensile strength of 378 MPa, Young's modulus of 36.2 GPa and electrical conductivity of 285 S/cm, which considerably higher than in other reported graphene-derived fibers. This better trGNR fiber performance was due to the air-gap spinning and annealing with pretension that produced higher molecular alignment within the fibers, as determined by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The specific modulus of trGNR fibers is higher than the commercial general purpose carbon fibers and commonly used metals such as Al, Cu and steel. The properties of trGNR fibers can be further improved by optimizing the spinning conditions with higher draw ratio, annealing conditions with higher pretensions, and using longer flake GONRs. This technique is a new high-carbon-yield approach to make the next generation carbon fibers based on solution-based liquid crystal phase spinning.
Authors:
Changsheng Xiang; Natnael Behabtu; Yaodong Liu; Han Gi Chae; Colin C Young; Bostjan Genorio; Dmitri E Tsentalovich; Chenguang Zhang; Dmitry V Kosynkin; Jay R Lomeda; Chih-Chau Hwang; Satish Kumar; Matteo Pasquali; James M Tour
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  ACS nano     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-086X     ISO Abbreviation:  ACS Nano     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101313589     Medline TA:  ACS Nano     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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