Document Detail


Gouty arthritis in end-stage renal disease: clinical course and rarity of new cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8128934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We studied 201 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients sustained on maintenance hemodialysis (MD) (n = 164) and chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) (n = 37) to determine (1) the frequency of acute attacks of gouty arthritis (GA) in those ESRD patients who had GA before dialytic therapy, and (2) the incidence of new-onset GA in hyperuricemic long-term (> 12 years) ESRD patients on MD. The 2-month mean of predialysis serum uric acid levels was calculated for each subject and the prevalence of hyperuricemia ascertained. There were 25 patients on MD for more than 12 years, and this group was evaluated and analyzed separately from those patients on dialytic therapy for less than 12 years; the mean of each of their predialysis uric acid values was calculated for each subject for at least 60% of the time they have been on dialysis. Patients who had GA before or after initiation of dialytic therapy were identified, and the frequency of acute attacks of GA determined. The presence of treated hypertension in each subject was noted. Thirteen of 201 patients had clinically active GA before commencing dialytic therapy, and each recalled a minimum of two painful attacks of GA per year before the initiation of ESRD therapy. Mean duration of ESRD for these 13 patients was 25 +/- 3.8 months; painful attacks of GA have not recurred in nine patients (70%), and the frequency of attacks declined by 50% in the remaining four patients (30%), despite persistent hyperuricemia in all 13.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
O Ifudu; C C Tan; A L Dulin; B G Delano; E A Friedman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0272-6386     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Kidney Dis.     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-04-13     Completed Date:  1994-04-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8110075     Medline TA:  Am J Kidney Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  347-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn 11203.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Arthritis, Gouty / blood,  epidemiology*,  etiology
Chi-Square Distribution
Female
Humans
Kidney Failure, Chronic / blood,  complications*,  therapy
Male
Middle Aged
Renal Dialysis
Uric Acid / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
69-93-2/Uric Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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