Document Detail

Gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. Relationship of maternal factors and delivery room practices to effective control measures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  807108     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Gonococcal opthalmia (proved by cultures) occurred in 11 infants delivered at the Jewish Hospital and Medical Center of Brookly (JHMCB) during a three and one-half-year period. Two more infant had conjunctivitis with presumptive evidence of gonococci (Gram stain of eye discharge). Silver nitrate was instilled in the eyes of the neonates by registered nurses. Maternal histories of these infants showed lack of prenatal care in ten, history of gonorrhea in pregnancy in three, and positive serology (STS) in two; ten of the mothers were unmarried. The over-all incidence of gonorrhea at the JHMCB prenatal clinic screening program is very low (0.02 per cent). Prevention of neonatal gonorrheal ophthalmia depends on: vigorous screening of mothers at delivery as well as during prenatal visits, careful attention to instillation of silver nitrate in the neonates' eyes, development of serologic tests for gonorrhea, and improved bacteriologic methods for culturing the organism.
S Pierog; S Nigam; D C Marasigan; S K Dube
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  122     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1975 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1975-10-07     Completed Date:  1975-10-07     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  589-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Conjunctivitis / microbiology,  prevention & control
Cross Infection / prevention & control*
Delivery, Obstetric*
Gonorrhea / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Infant, Newborn
Neisseria gonorrhoeae / isolation & purification
New York City
Ophthalmia Neonatorum / epidemiology,  microbiology,  prevention & control*
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / prevention & control*
Prenatal Care
Silver Nitrate / therapeutic use
Reg. No./Substance:
7761-88-8/Silver Nitrate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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