Document Detail

Glycemic impact and health: new horizons in white bread formulations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21955095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
The challenge of provision of a much wider range of foods of relatively low glycemic response than is currently available, especially in terms of cereal products, has been highlighted in recent years and this has particular relevance to bread consumption. Although there has been some transition to brown bread consumption, white bread remains a firm feature in the typical average western diet. This review first outlines the relationship between the glycemic impact of foods and health. What is important is that relatively small differences in glycemic potency of regularly consumed starch foods have been shown to have beneficial effects on health outcomes. Second, factors affecting glycemic response with particular application to white bread formulations are discussed. Novel ways of reformulating this highly favored carbohydrate staple, by using composite flours, with the aim of developing products of reduced glycemic response are highlighted in this review. Importantly, a new and significant focus on the role of unavailable carbohydrate in glycemic improvement is emerging. This has important application in increasing accessibility to health benefits by contributing to the prevention of and management of glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, and associated chronic disease to a wider range of consumers.
Pat M Burton; John A Monro; Laura Alvarez; Eimear Gallagher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical reviews in food science and nutrition     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1549-7852     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8914818     Medline TA:  Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  965-82     Citation Subset:  IM    
a Teagasc , Ashtown Food Research Centre , Ashtown , Dublin , ROI.
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