Document Detail

Glutathione redox potential is low and glutathionylated and cysteinylated hemoglobin levels are elevated in maintenance hemodialysis patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23333585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Glutathione (GSH), the most abundant intracellular low molecular mass thiol, protects cells from oxidative damage and regulates their function. Available information is inconsistent regarding levels of GSH and its disulfide (GSSG) in maintenance hemodialysis patients (HD). In addition, very limited data are available in HD about the relationship of GSH and GSSG with other measures of thiol metabolism and with the clinical profile. We tested the hypothesis that erythrocyte GSH/GSSG redox potential (Eh) is lower in HD than in healthy controls (C), and that Eh correlates with posttranslational thiolation of hemoglobin (Hb) and with standard clinical parameters in HD. In cross-sectional comparison of 33 stable HD and 21 C, we found a net loss of reducing capacity in HD as indicated by low erythrocyte GSH/GSSG Eh (-257 ± 5.5 vs -270 ± 5.6 mV, P = 0.002). Glutathionylated Hb (HbSSG) was 46% higher in HD than C (19.3 ± 4.80 vs 13.2 ± 2.79 pmol/mg Hb; P = 0.001) and cysteinylated Hb (HbSSCy) was >3-fold higher in HD than C [38.3 (29.0-63.3) vs 11.5 (9.6-17.2) pmol/mg Hb; P = 0.001]. In multiple regression analysis of the HD cases, statistically significant associations were found between the GSH/GSSG Eh and the blood urea nitrogen (P = 0.001), creatinine (P = 0.015) and normalized protein catabolic rate (P = 0.05), after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and etiology of end-stage renal disease. In conclusion, accurate and precise analysis of GSH, GSSG, and mixed disulfides reveals loss of erythrocyte GSH/GSSG Eh, rise of both HbSSG and HbSSCy, and correlation of these thiols with measures of uremia and dietary protein intake.
Khaled Khazim; Daniela Giustarini; Ranieri Rossi; Darlene Verkaik; John E Cornell; Sue E D Cunningham; Maryam Mohammad; Kara Trochta; Carlos Lorenzo; Franco Folli; Shweta Bansal; Paolo Fanti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2013-01-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Translational research : the journal of laboratory and clinical medicine     Volume:  162     ISSN:  1878-1810     ISO Abbreviation:  Transl Res     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-24     Completed Date:  2013-09-03     Revised Date:  2014-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101280339     Medline TA:  Transl Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-25     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Cysteine / chemistry*
Dietary Proteins
Erythrocytes / chemistry*
Glutathione / chemistry*
Hemoglobins / analysis*,  chemistry*
Middle Aged
Regression Analysis
Renal Dialysis*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Hemoglobins; GAN16C9B8O/Glutathione; K848JZ4886/Cysteine

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