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Glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase genotypes and activities and the progression of chronic kidney disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21325350     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has been linked to the progression of disease, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of the present study was to determine the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase and their activities and the progression of CKD. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of 185 CKD patients (Stages 2-4), followed for up to 12 months. All patients were genotyped for SNPs of SOD (SOD Ala16Val), GPx (GPx Pro197Leu) and catalase (C-262T). The rate of change over the study period of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), plasma and red blood cell (RBC) GPx, RBC SOD and RBC catalase activities were determined. RESULTS: CKD patients with the SOD Ala/Val and Val/Val genotypes had a significantly greater eGFR decline compared to those with the Ala/Ala genotype (Ala/Val compared with Ala/Ala odds ratio (OR) 0.35, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.64, P = 0.001; Val/Val compared with Ala/Ala OR 0.25, 95% CI 0.10 to 0.65, P = 0.005). The progression of CKD was not associated with SNPs of the GPx or catalase genes studied but there was a direct relationship between the rate of change of plasma GPx activity and the rate of change of eGFR over 12 months (P = 0.025). CONCLUSION: CKD patients with the SOD Ala/Val and Val/Val genotypes have a greater decline in kidney function than those with the Ala/Ala genotype.
Authors:
Amanda Crawford; Robert G Fassett; Jeff S Coombes; Dale A Kunde; Kiran D K Ahuja; Iain K Robertson; Madeleine J Ball; Dominic P Geraghty
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2385     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1School of Human Life Sciences, University of Tasmania, Newnham, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia.
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