Document Detail

Glutathione exposes sequential IgE-epitopes in ovomucoid relevant in persistent egg allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23349099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
SCOPE: Patients with persistent egg allergy have more immunoglobulin E (IgE) against sequential than conformational epitopes of ovomucoid (OVO). Here, we aimed to identify compounds capable to render sequential epitopes in egg. METHODS AND RESULTS: Glutathione was used for in vitro reduction of OVO and circular dichroism analyses were performed. Glutathione reduced OVO in a concentration-dependent manner. Egg white was analyzed for reduced proteins with a thiol probe and by MALDI-TOF/TOF. In unprocessed total egg white, several reduced proteins were detected by the thiol probe, among them reduced ovalbumin could be confirmed with MS analyses. Egg-allergics or sensitized controls were tested serologically (n = 19) for IgE against native and reduced OVO and in skin prick tests (n = 9). More patients had IgE against reduced than native OVO in Western blots. In skin prick test, five out of seven persistent egg-allergics and none of the controls reacted with reduced OVO. CONCLUSION: Reduced egg proteins are present in natural egg white. Glutathione, which is present in egg and furthermore is used as texture-improving additive in processed food, is capable of reducing OVO. Patients with persistent egg allergy reacted rather to reduce the native OVO. Hence, our data indicate that reduction is a novel natural and processing-associated principle, which contributes to the allergenicity of food.
Franziska Roth-Walter; Philipp Starkl; Torsten Zuberbier; Karin Hummel; Karin Nöbauer; Ebrahim Razzazi-Fazeli; Richard Brunner; Isabella Pali-Schöll; Janis Kinkel; Ferdinand Felix; Erika Jensen-Jarolim; Tamar Kinaciyan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular nutrition & food research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1613-4133     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol Nutr Food Res     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101231818     Medline TA:  Mol Nutr Food Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Comparative Medicine, Messerli Research Institute, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Vienna, Medical University of Vienna and University of Vienna, Austria.
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