Document Detail

Glutamine protects against increases in blood ammonia in football players in an exercise intensity-dependent way.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17984189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: High-intensity and prolonged exercise significantly enhances the levels of plasma ammonia, a metabolite with toxic effects on the central nervous system. The main purpose of the present study was to evaluate the metabolic response of athletes to glutamine (Gln) and alanine (Ala) supplementation, since these amino acids have a significant influence on both anaplerosis and gluconeogenesis. METHODS: Professional football players were assigned to groups receiving either Gln or Ala supplementation (100 mg kg(-1) body weight); this supplementation was either short-term or long-term and was given immediately before exercise. The players were evaluated using two exercise protocols, one with intervals (n = 18) and the other with continuous intensity (n = 12). RESULTS: Both types of exercises increased ammonia, urate, urea and creatinine in blood. Chronic Gln supplementation partially protected against hyperammonemia after a football match (intermittent exercise: Gln -140 (SEM 13)% vs Ala -240 (SEM 37)%) and after continuous exercise at 80% of the maximum heart rate (Gln -481 (SEM 44)% vs placebo -778 (SEM 99)%). Urate increased by 10-20% in all groups, independently of supplementation. Glutamine once a day supplementation induced a greater elevation in urate as compared to alanine at the end of the game; however, long-term supplementation provoked a lesser increment in urate. Exercise induced similar increases in creatinine as compared to their respective controls in either acute or chronic glutamine administration. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, the results suggest that chronically supplemented Gln protects against exercise-induced hyperammonemia depending on exercise intensity and supplementation duration.
A Bassini-Cameron; A Monteiro; A Gomes; J P S Werneck-de-Castro; L Cameron
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2007-11-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of sports medicine     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1473-0480     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-08     Completed Date:  2008-06-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0432520     Medline TA:  Br J Sports Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  260-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratório de Bioquímica de Proteínas, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Alanine / administration & dosage*
Ammonia / blood*
Analysis of Variance
Creatinine / blood
Dietary Supplements
Double-Blind Method
Glutamine / administration & dosage*
Soccer / physiology*
Urea / blood
Uric Acid / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
56-41-7/Alanine; 56-85-9/Glutamine; 57-13-6/Urea; 60-27-5/Creatinine; 69-93-2/Uric Acid; 7664-41-7/Ammonia

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