Document Detail

Glucose production during strenuous exercise in humans: role of epinephrine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10362627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The increase in hepatic glucose production (HGP) that occurs during intense exercise is accompanied by a simultaneous increase in epinephrine, which suggests that epinephrine may be important in regulating HGP. To further investigate this, six trained men were studied twice. The first trial [control (Con)] consisted of 20 min of cycling at 40 +/- 1% peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak) followed by 20 min at 80 +/- 2% VO2 peak. During the second trial [epinephrine (Epi)], subjects exercised for 40 min at 41 +/- 2% VO2 peak. Epinephrine was infused during the latter 20 min of exercise and resulted in plasma levels similar to those measured during intense exercise in Con. Glucose kinetics were measured using a primed, continuous infusion of [3-3H]glucose. HGP was similar at rest (Con, 11.0 +/- 0.5 and Epi, 11.1 +/- 0.5 micromol. kg-1. min-1). In Con, HGP increased (P < 0.05) during exercise to 41.0 +/- 5.2 micromol. kg-1. min-1 at 40 min. In Epi, HGP was similar to Con during the first 20 min of exercise. Epinephrine infusion increased (P < 0.05) HGP to 24.0 +/- 2.5 micromol. kg-1. min-1 at 40 min, although this was less (P < 0.05) than the value in Con. The results suggest that epinephrine can increase HGP during exercise in trained men; however, epinephrine during intense exercise cannot fully account for the rise in HGP. Other glucoregulatory factors must contribute to the increase in HGP during intense exercise.
K Howlett; M Febbraio; M Hargreaves
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  276     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-29     Completed Date:  1999-07-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E1130-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Health Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Bicycling / physiology
Epinephrine / blood,  pharmacology,  physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Glucose / biosynthesis*
Liver / drug effects,  metabolism
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Physical Endurance* / physiology
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
50-99-7/Glucose; 51-43-4/Epinephrine

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