Document Detail

Glucocorticoid receptor gene-based SNP analysis in patients with recurrent major depression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16192984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, one of the stress-response systems, is one of the key neurobiological features of major depression (MDD). Data supporting the notion that glucocorticoid-mediated feedback inhibition is impaired in MDD come from a multitude of studies demonstrating nonsuppression of cortisol secretion following administration of the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone. We examined whether genetic variations in the glucocorticoid receptor gene (Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 3, Group C, Member 1; NR3C1) could be associated with increased susceptibility for MDD using a whole gene-based association analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Four SNPs were identified in NR3C1 and genotyped in two well-diagnosed samples of patients with MDD ascertained in Belgium and northern Sweden, and matched control samples. In total, 314 MDD patients and 354 control individuals were included in the study. In the Belgian sample, we observed significant allele (p=0.02) and genotype (p=0.02) association with an SNP in the promoter region (NR3C1-1); in the Swedish sample, we observed significant allele (p=0.02) and genotype (p=0.02) association with the R23K SNP. The haplotype association studies showed modest evidence for an involvement of the 5' region of the NR3C1 gene in the genetic vulnerability for MDD. This study suggests that polymorphisms in the 5' region of the NR3C1 gene may play a role in the genetic vulnerability for MDD.
Dirk van West; Filip Van Den Eede; Jurgen Del-Favero; Daniel Souery; Karl-Fredrik Norrback; Cornelia Van Duijn; Sam Sluijs; Rolf Adolfsson; Julien Mendlewicz; Dirk Deboutte; Christine Van Broeckhoven; Stephan Claes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0893-133X     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuropsychopharmacology     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-17     Completed Date:  2006-05-12     Revised Date:  2011-05-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904907     Medline TA:  Neuropsychopharmacology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  620-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Molecular Genetics, Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB), University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Belgium / epidemiology
Depressive Disorder, Major / epidemiology,  genetics*
Gene Frequency
Middle Aged
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Receptors, Glucocorticoid / genetics*
Sweden / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/NR3C1 protein, human; 0/Receptors, Glucocorticoid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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