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Glucocorticoid Receptor-Beta Up-Regulation and Steroid Resistance Induction by IL-17 and IL-23 Cytokine Stimulation in Peripheral Mononuclear Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23160983     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Most asthmatic patients have well controlled symptoms with regular treatment, but some require much higher doses of inhaled and oral corticosteroids, or in rare cases fail to respond; these patients may present Th-17 cell infiltration and associated cytokines (IL-17A and -F) in the airways, sputum and peripheral blood. Because glucocorticoid receptor-beta (GR-beta) is associated with corticosteroid resistance, we investigated whether Th-17 associated cytokines induce steroid insensitivity in PBMCs via GR-beta up-regulation. METHODS: GR-alpha, GR-beta, GILZ and IL-6 expression were analyzed in PBMCs stimulated with IL-2/IL-4, IL-17A/IL-17F and IL-23 cytokines by quantitative RT-PCR. Dexamethasone-inhibition of PHA-induced proliferation and Dexamethasone-induced apoptosis were determined by either (3)H-thymidine or CFSE-labelled cells and by Annexin-V staining and flow cytometry. RESULTS: IL-17 and IL-23 cytokines significantly increased GR-beta expression. IL-2/IL-4 significantly decreased GR-alpha expression without affecting GR-beta. IL17, IL-23 and IL2 + 4 stimulations significantly hampered Dexamethasone-inhibition of proliferation (Dex EC(50) for: IL-17A + F = 251 nM; IL-23 = 435 nM; IL2 + 4 = 950 nM; Medium = 90 nM). IL2 + 4 and IL17A + F but not IL-23, significantly hampered Dexamethasone-induced apoptosis (1400 and 320 nM Dex, respectively). Dexamethasone's trans-activation of GILZ and trans-repression of NF-kB-driven IL-6 expression were both inhibited by IL2 + 4; IL17 + IL23 antagonized Dex trans-repression in PBMC from asthmatics. CONCLUSIONS: GR-beta up-regulation by IL-17/IL-23 cytokines is associated with induced steroid insensitivity in PBMCs, observed as diminished Dexamethasone's effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis and gene regulation. Steroid resistance induced by IL-2/IL-4 was associated with decreased GR-alpha expression. This study supports the possibility that Th-17 lymphocytes and associated cytokines play a role in the mechanism of steroid hypo-responsiveness in severe asthmatics.
Authors:
Alejandro Vazquez-Tello; Rabih Halwani; Qutayba Hamid; Saleh Al-Muhsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2592     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8102137     Medline TA:  J Clin Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Asthma Research Chair and Prince Naif Center for Immunology Research, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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