Document Detail


Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP-1), Immediately Prior to Reperfusion, Decreases Neutrophil Activation and Reduces Myocardial Infarct Size in Rodents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21360419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin that has glucoregulatory effects as well as protective effects in a variety of tissues, including the heart. We hypothesized that GLP-1 may have a direct effect on neutrophils (PMNs) after myocardial ischemia, to ameliorate reperfusion injury. Deeply anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 30 min of left coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion. Immediately prior to reperfusion, rats were treated with either GLP-1 (human rGLP-1, 30 pM/kg/min) or PBS as placebo. GLP-1 significantly decreased myocardial infarct size [73.2±11.7% INF/AAR in PBS (n=4) vs. 15.7 ±5.52% INF/AAR in GLP-1-treated animals (n=5), p<0.05], PMN activation in blood in vivo (fMLP-stimulated CD11b surface expression: PBS 2.78±1.14 vs. GLP-1 1.7±0.21, TFI, p<0.05), and accumulation in myocardium (PBS: 6.52±0.31 vs. GLP-1: 4.78±0.90, n=4-6 animals/group, p<0.05). In addition, we found that GLP-1 mitigated PMN CD11b surface expression in whole rat blood in vitro, an effect that was abolished by GLP-1 receptor blockade (PBS 6.52±0.31 vs. GLP-1 4.78±0.90, TFI, p<0.05). These findings suggest that one mechanism by which GLP-1 decreases reperfusion injury may be the attenuation of PMN-mediated reperfusion injury.
Authors:
B B Dokken; L R La Bonte; G Davis-Gorman; M K Teachey; N Seaver; P F McDonagh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-4286     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0177722     Medline TA:  Horm Metab Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tuscon, AZ, USA.
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