Document Detail


Glucagon injected in the lateral hypothalamus stimulates sympathetic activity and suppresses monoamine metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8118708     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Glucagon injected in the lateral hypothalamus stimulates sympathetic activity and suppresses monamine metabolism. The central hypothesis underlying this study is that there is a reciprocal relationship between food intake and sympathetic activity to IBAT. This hypothesis was tested by using intrahypothalamic microinjections of glucagon, a peptide that has been reported to decrease food intake. Sympathetic nerve activity to interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) was measured as electrophysiological discharges of sympathetic nerves to IBAT. The microinjection of glucagon into the lateral hypothalamus (LH) increased sympathetic nerve activity by +103.8 +/- 35.0% (mean +/- S.E.M.) from pre-injection basal level by 30 min after injection. There was a gradual return to baseline. Micro-injection of glucagon into the LH depressed food intake. Monoamine metabolism was measured by using a microdialysis probe attached to a guide cannula for microinjection of glucagon into the LH. After microinjection of glucagon, the dialysates were collected over 30 min intervals and assayed for norepinephrine (NE), serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and their metabolites (3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG); 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA); and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC). Glucagon suppressed both NE and MHPG concentrations in the lateral hypothalamus (LH), and the concentration of DOPAC was also decreased. There was no change of 5-HT concentration but 5-HIAA levels were reduced by glucagon treatment. These data show that glucagon injected in the LH stimulates sympathetic activity and suggest that this may have occurred by suppression of norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin turnover in the LH of freely moving rats. These data support the hypothesis of a reciprocal relationship between food intake and sympathetic activity.
Authors:
H Shimizu; M Egawa; H Yoshimatsu; G A Bray
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  630     ISSN:  0006-8993     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  1993 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-04-05     Completed Date:  1994-04-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  95-100     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue, Brown / drug effects
Animals
Biogenic Monoamines / metabolism*
Feeding Behavior / drug effects*
Female
Glucagon / administration & dosage*
Hypothalamic Area, Lateral / drug effects*
Male
Microdialysis
Microinjections
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Sympathetic Nervous System / drug effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biogenic Monoamines; 9007-92-5/Glucagon

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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