Document Detail


Glottal airflow resistance in excised pig, sheep, and cow larynges.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18023324     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was to investigate glottal flow resistance in excised pig, sheep, and cow larynges during phonation at different oscillation ranges and to examine the relation of the glottal flow resistance to the laryngeal geometry and vocal fold vibration. Several pig, sheep, and cow larynges were prepared, mounted on an excised larynx bench, and set into oscillation with pressurized, heated, and humidified air. Glottal adduction was controlled by either using two-pronged probes to press the arytenoids together, or by passing a suture to simulate the lateral cricoarytenoid muscle action. Each excised larynx was subjected to a series of pressure-flow experiments, with adduction and flow rate as independent variables. The subglottal pressure, fundamental frequency, and glottal flow resistance were treated as dependent variables. The subglottal pressure, electroglottograph (EGG), and flow rate signals were recorded during each experiment. Glottal flow resistance was calculated from the pressure and flow signals, whereas the EGG signal was used to extract fundamental frequency. Preliminary data indicated a nonlinear behavior in the pressure-flow relations of these larynges with increasing glottal resistance due to increases in adduction. The average glottal flow resistance was 35.3+/-14.8 cmH(2)O/(L/s) for the pig, 30.8+/-17.5 cmH(2)O/(L/s) for the sheep, and 26.9+/-14.9 cmH(2)O/(L/s) for the cow.
Authors:
Fariborz Alipour; Sanyukta Jaiswal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2007-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1873-4588     ISO Abbreviation:  J Voice     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-02     Completed Date:  2009-04-29     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712262     Medline TA:  J Voice     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  40-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA. alipour@blue.weeg.uiowa.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air
Animals
Cattle
Glottis / physiology*
Phonation*
Pressure
Sheep
Swine
Vocal Cords / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DC03566/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 DC009567/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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