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Glomerular filtration rate after a 12-wk resistance exercise program with post-exercise protein ingestion in community dwelling elderly.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23317926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Increased protein intake and resistance exercise can be beneficial for maintenance of lean body mass (LBM) in older adults. However, these factors could also negatively affect renal function. We investigated changes in renal function after a 12-wk resistance exercise program combined with protein supplementation in community dwelling older adults. METHODS: Patients (N = 237, 73.7 ± 5.7 y, 58.2% female) participated in a 12-wk resistance exercise program (3 times/wk) designed to increase strength and muscle mass of major muscle groups. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three dietary supplements consumed directly after training: whey protein drink (20 g whey protein, 20 g carbohydrates), milk protein drink (20 g milk protein, 20 g carbohydrates), or carbohydrate drink (40 g carbohydrates). Renal function was estimated as glomerular filtration rate (GFR, Cockcroft-Gault formula), and dietary intake was measured as 3-d-weighed food record at baseline and endpoint. RESULTS: During the intervention, energy intake did not increase. Carbohydrate intake increased in the carbohydrate group and protein intake increased in the milk group, both approximately in accordance with the supplementation. In the whey group, protein intake did not increase, but carbohydrate intake did. GFR increased after the intervention (+4.4 mL/min/1.73 m(2); P < 0.001), and the changes were similar in men and women or in the age quartiles. Changes in GFR at endpoint were not associated with LBM, dietary supplements, or total protein intake. CONCLUSIONS: A 12-wk resistance exercise program combined with protein supplementation in community dwelling older adults does not negatively affect GFR. The supplementation had only minor effects on total dietary intake.
Authors:
Alfons Ramel; Atli Arnarson; Olof G Geirsdottir; Palmi V Jonsson; Inga Thorsdottir
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-1244     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutrition     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802712     Medline TA:  Nutrition     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Unit for Nutrition Research, National University Hospital and Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address: alfonsra@hi.is.
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