Document Detail


Global and right ventricular end-diastolic volumes correlate better with preload after correction for ejection fraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20085545     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Volumetric monitoring with right ventricular end-diastolic volume indexed (RVEDVi) and global end-diastolic volume indexed (GEDVi) is increasingly being suggested as a superior preload indicator compared with the filling pressures central venous pressure (CVP) or the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP). However, static monitoring of these volumetric parameters has not consistently been shown to be able to predict changes in cardiac index (CI). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a correction of RVEDVi and GEDVi with a measure of the individual contractile reserve, assessed by right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) and global ejection fraction, improves the ability of RVEDVi and GEDVi to monitor changes in preload over time in critically ill patients. METHODS: Hemodynamic measurements, both by pulmonary artery and by transcardiopulmonary thermodilution, were performed in 11 mechanically ventilated medical ICU patients. Correction of volumes was achieved by normalization to EF deviation from normal EF values in an exponential fashion. Data before and after fluid administration were obtained in eight patients, while data before and after diuretics were obtained in seven patients. RESULTS: No correlation was found between the change in cardiac filling pressures (DeltaCVP, DeltaPCWP) and DeltaCI (R(2) 0.01 and 0.00, respectively). Further, no correlation was found between DeltaRVEDVi or DeltaGEDVi and DeltaCI (R(2) 0.10 and 0.13, respectively). In contrast, a significant correlation was found between DeltaRVEDVi corrected to RVEF (DeltacRVEDVi) and DeltaCI (R(2) 0.64), as well as between DeltacGEDVi and DeltaCI (R(2) 0.59). An increase in the net fluid balance with +844 + or - 495 ml/m(2) resulted in a significant increase in CI of 0.5 + or - 0.3 l/min/m(2); however, only DeltacRVEDVi (R(2) 0.58) and DeltacGEDVi (R(2) 0.36) correlated significantly with DeltaCI. Administration of diuretics resulting in a net fluid balance of -942 + or - 658 ml/m(2) caused a significant decrease in CI with 0.7 + or - 0.5 l/min/m(2); however, only DeltacRVEDVi (R(2) 0.80) and DeltacGEDVi (R(2) 0.61) correlated significantly with DeltaCI. CONCLUSION: Correction of volumetric preload parameters by measures of ejection fraction improved the ability of these parameters to assess changes in preload over time in this heterogeneous group of critically ill patients.
Authors:
M L N G Malbrain; T J R De Potter; H Dits; D A Reuter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-01-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1399-6576     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-26     Completed Date:  2010-07-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370270     Medline TA:  Acta Anaesthesiol Scand     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  622-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Intensive Care Medicine, ZNA Stuivenberg, Antwerpen, Belgium. manu.malbrain@skynet.be
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Algorithms
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Central Venous Pressure
Diuretics / administration & dosage*
Female
Fluid Therapy
Furosemide / administration & dosage*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Respiration, Artificial
Shock / physiopathology*,  therapy
Stroke Volume / physiology*
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Function, Right / physiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Diuretics; 54-31-9/Furosemide

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