Document Detail


Global nutrition transition and the pandemic of obesity in developing countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22221213     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Decades ago, discussion of an impending global pandemic of obesity was thought of as heresy. But in the 1970s, diets began to shift towards increased reliance upon processed foods, increased away-from-home food intake, and increased use of edible oils and sugar-sweetened beverages. Reductions in physical activity and increases in sedentary behavior began to be seen as well. The negative effects of these changes began to be recognized in the early 1990s, primarily in low- and middle-income populations, but they did not become clearly acknowledged until diabetes, hypertension, and obesity began to dominate the globe. Now, rapid increases in the rates of obesity and overweight are widely documented, from urban and rural areas in the poorest countries of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia to populations in countries with higher income levels. Concurrent rapid shifts in diet and activity are well documented as well. An array of large-scale programmatic and policy measures are being explored in a few countries; however, few countries are engaged in serious efforts to prevent the serious dietary challenges being faced.
Authors:
Barry M Popkin; Linda S Adair; Shu Wen Ng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition reviews     Volume:  70     ISSN:  1753-4887     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr. Rev.     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-06     Completed Date:  2012-02-13     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376405     Medline TA:  Nutr Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 International Life Sciences Institute.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Developing Countries / statistics & numerical data*
Diet / trends*
Exercise / physiology
Fast Foods
Food Habits*
Health Policy
Humans
Metabolic Syndrome X / epidemiology,  etiology
Nutritional Status*
Obesity / complications,  epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Socioeconomic Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DK056350/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 HD030880/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD030880-17/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD30880/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01-HD38700/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R24 HD050924/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R24 HD050924/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
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