Document Detail

Glial and endothelial cell response to a fetal transplant of purified neurons.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9219936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Astrocytes, microglia and endothelial cells display very specific phenotypic characteristics in the intact adult CNS, which appear quite versatile when grown in culture without neurons. Indirect evidence from in vitro co-culture studies and analysis of the effects of specific neuronal removal in vivo, does accordingly favour a role of neurons for the phenotypic repression of these cells in the intact brain. In order to provide more direct evidence for such neuronal influence, we attempted to induce, in the rat brain, a reversal of the post-lesional activation of astrocytes, microglia and endothelial cells by transplantation of fetal neurons purified by immunopanning. Host microglial cells which have been activated by the lesion process, penetrated the neuronal graft during the few days after the transplantation. Reactive astrocytes began to appear in the lesioned parenchyma and gathered around the transplant. Thereafter they first sent their processes in the direction of the neuronal graft, before they migrated into the graft a few days later. At this time, which was at the end of the first week post-transplantation, the host endothelial cells sprouted "streamers" of basal lamina within the graft forming small capillaries. During the second week post-transplantation, numerous astrocytes and microglial cells, both displaying a reactive hypertrophied morphology, were observed throughout the grafts. Finally, by the end of the first month, the activated cells differentiated towards a quiescent, resting morphology. At this time the grafts contained a vascular network with morphological characteristics comparable to those observed in the intact brain parenchyma. The results indicate that the interaction of activated astroglia and microglia and endothelial cells with neurons causes the cells to re-differentiate and regain phenotypic features characteristic of intact brain parenchyma, strongly suggesting that neurons play an essential role in the phenotypic restriction of glial and endothelial cells in the adult central nervous system.
S Rostaing-Rigattieri; R Flores-Guevara; M Peschanski; J Cadusseau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0306-4522     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuroscience     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-23     Completed Date:  1997-10-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605074     Medline TA:  Neuroscience     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  723-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
INSERM Unité 421, IM3, Faculte de Médecine, Créteil, France.
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MeSH Terms
Brain Tissue Transplantation*
Endothelium / physiology
Fetal Tissue Transplantation*
Neuroglia / physiology*
Neurons / transplantation*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley

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