Document Detail

Glenohumeral contact pressure in a simulated active compression test using cadaveric shoulders.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22608927     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The active compression test has been described to detect superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesions. Some have speculated that contact between the lesser tuberosity and the superior glenoid in the testing position causes a positive test. This study evaluated the location of peak glenohumeral contact pressures during a simulated active compression test in a cadaveric model with and without SLAP lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six specimens were tested. A pressure sensor was used to record glenohumeral contact, and a motion analysis system was used to measure humeral head translation. Contact pressures and translations were measured during serial deltoid and biceps loads. These were repeated for small and large SLAP lesions. RESULTS: There was a notable shift in the location of peak contact pressure from the anterior-inferior glenoid to the anterior-superior glenoid with increasing deltoid load. Deltoid loading translated the humeral head posteriorly relative to the glenoid. Conversely, biceps loads countered the pull of the deltoid only when the biceps load was greater than the deltoid load. The SLAP tears did not significantly alter the degree of humeral head translation or location of the contact pressures. CONCLUSIONS: In the active compression test, the posterior capsule is taut and the anterior capsule is lax, which permits the deltoid to translate the humeral head posteriorly. This shift in the peak contact pressure to the superior glenoid may elicit a positive active compression test.
Tony Lin; Pooya Javidan; Michelle H McGarry; Guillem Gonzalez-Lomas; Orr Limpisvasti; Thay Q Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.]     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6500     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206499     Medline TA:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Veterans Administration Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, CA; Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
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